Grid Battery Storage : Lithium and Other Alternatives

% split of grid battery applications

“However, since stationary storage requires higher energy densities and longer life cycles, larger battery packs are required to meet the energy requirements. This makes the stationary storage lithium-ion batteries costlier compared to automotive batteries. Secondly, lithium-ion batteries use rare metals found only in limited geographies and the mining processes lead to adverse effects on the environment. Thirdly, despite having high energy density, lithium-ion batteries suffer from high self-discharge and lower cycle life. Finally, lithium battery explosions due to the formation of dendrites has become a cause of concern, prompting extensive research directed towards solving the problem.”

Alternative battery chemistries for grid scale applications
Green - Good, Yellow - Average, Red — Poor

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